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041 _aeng
084 _aOLADE
100 _aCiacciarelli, Jorge
245 _aAnalysis of fuel substitution of the river transportation system of the Paraguay - Paraná Waterway.
_bTechnical report, November 2020
246 _aAnálisis de sustitución de combustibles del sistema de transporte fluvial de la Hidrovía Paraguay - Paraná.
_bInforme técnico, Noviembre 2020.
260 _aQuito:
300 _a94 páginas.
_bilustraciones., tablas.
336 _atexto
337 _acomputadora
338 _arecurso en línea
505 _aCurrent situation of the Waterway. International specifications on liquid fuels for ships. The use of alternative energy sources in river transport. LNG as an alternative fuel. Other potential fuels. Biodiesel as a marine fuel. Electric vessels. Sailing on hydrogen. Sustainable replacement opportunities in the river transport system. Natural gas supply and transportation chain, some experiences. Current fuel supply system for vessels in the main ports. General characteristics of the LNG suply system. Analysis limits. Recommendations. Annex 1: Current specifications of bunker fuels in the waterway. Annex 2: Examples of relevant nautical electromobility. Annex 3: How does a hydrogen fuel cell work? Annex 4: Methods for hydrogen storage. Annex 5: Alternative fuels for vessels.
520 _aThis study's main objective, within its scope, is to make a first approach to the replacement of bunker fuels used in the Paraguay - Paraná Waterway with more sustainable and environmentally friendly energy alternatives. To do this, replacement options such as natural gas, electricity or hydrogen were evaluated. However, considering the feasibility and current trends, the analysis of the potential substitution by Natural Gas has been deepened. It should be noted that a complete life cycle analysis was not performed to determine the greenhouse gas emissions associated with the use of the fuel alternatives that were evaluated.
650 _aSustitución de Combustibles
650 _aGas Natural Licuado
650 _aTransporte Fluvial
651 _aParaguay
700 _aWilmsmeier, Gordon
700 _aSáenz, Jorge Enrique, Colaborador
700 _aSchuschny, Andrés Ricardo, Colaborador
856 _uhttp://biblioteca.olade.org/opac-tmpl/Documentos/old0460.pdf
942 _2ddc
999 _c14771